Neblina Forest Birding Tours

Guyana

Country Facts

Information

  • Area: 214.970 sq km (about the size of the UK, a third the size of Texas and slightly smaller than Ecuador)
  • Capital: Georgetown
  • Country code: (592)
  • Electricity: 127V, 60Hz
  • Languages: English, Creole, Hindi, Urdu, Amerindian
  • Money: US$ 1 = 179 Guyanese dollars
  • Population: 698,200 (2002 estimate)
  • Time: GMT minus 4 hours
  • Tipping: 10% in restaurants and hotels if not included; none in taxis
  • Traveler's checks: Cashed at nationwide banks and cambios; commission varies
  • Visas: US$ 16 for three months; if not required, 30-day visas granted at borders.

Geography

Guyana border countries are as follows: Venezuela (North East and East), Brazil (East, South East and South), and Suriname (West). It presents a shore to the Atlantic Ocean.

Environment

From East to West, Guyana's main rivers and waterways are Demerara, Essequibo, and Berbice. All of them are flowing North. The narrow Coastal plain (4% of total land area) is home to 90% of the total population. Dutch polders reclaimed the marshy lands on the Coastal plain. It is there where most agriculture happens.

Tropical rain forest covers the interior, but in the southwestern territories. There, Guyana presents an extensive savanna between the Rupununi River and the Brazilian border.

Climate

This tropical country presents two main wet seasons. One starts in late April and finishes in early August. The other goes from November to January. Therefore, the best times for visiting the country are between January to February and August to September.

  • Families Represented: 77 out of the 92 South American Families
  • Number of Species Recorded: 825+
  • Endemic species: None
  • Spectacular species: Grey-bellied goshawk, Rufous crab-hawk, Yellow-knobbed curassow, Sunbittern, Racket-tailed coquette, Blood-coloured woodpecker, Rio Branco spinetail, Guianan red-cotinga, Dusky purpletuft, Purple-breasted and Pompadour cotingas, Crimson fruitcrow, Capuchinbird, Guianan cock-of-the-rock, Tepui manakin, Saffron-crested tyrant-manakin, Painted tody-flycatcher, Bearded tachuri, Guianan gnatcatcher, Finsch's euphonia and Great-billed seed-finch.

Classic Guyana

Overview

Northeastern South America

Information

  • Average expected number of birds seen during the trip: 320 to 350 species.
  • Guyana Vegetation Types: 7 out of 26.
  • Total habitats visited: 10+.
  • Altitude Range: 0 to 274 meters (3 to 900 feet).

Guyana is South America's little-known curiosity. It shares borders with Venezuela, Brazil, and Suriname, yet remains well-off South America's beaten tourist track. The English speaking locals and colonial past make for a culture that is decidedly more Caribbean than Latin.

There are 83,000 square miles but 90 percent of the sparse 750,000 inhabitants live along the coast, leaving Guyana's forested interior--80 percent of the landmass--relatively unpopulated outside of Amerindian villages.

Guyana is where the Guiana Shield (one of four pristine tropical rainforests left in the world) converges with the Amazon Basin. The unique geography creates a myriad of habitats for birds, ranging from coastal waters to mangroves, marshes, savannahs, mountains and tropical rainforests. Just over 800 species of birds have been recorded in Guyana, making it an ideal destination for birdwatchers the world over.

Having been there only a month ago, living in the Birding Capital of the World like I do, I have come to appreciate the easy access to the endemics of the region and colorful birds that are offered in Guyana and what is more, a wonderful promise to see mammals.

I am opening this opportunity to go with Lelis this coming December, 2008, to Guyana and enjoy this short 12 day trip. For the birds to be seen, prices and details contact Mercedes

A Top-Ten Bird List by Habitat follows:

Habitat

Location

Top Ten Highlight Birds

Coastal swamp forest and Dakama forest

Shanklands

Black curassow, Grey-winged trumpeter, Racket-tailed coquette, Black-necked araçari, Red-billed toucan, Cayenne Jay, Buff-cheeked greenlet

Coastal swamp forest and Open samps

Timberhead

Spot-tailed nightjar, White-fronted manakin, Little chachalaca, Green-tailed goldenthroat, Ferruginous-backed antbird, Finsch's euphonia

Dry grassland and Gallery forest (Lowlands grass/shrub savanna)

Rupunini Savanna

Sharp-tailed ibis, Río Branco spinetail, Rio Branco and White-bellied antbirds, Saffron crested tyrant-manakin, Smoky-fronted tody-flycatcher, Crested doradito, Black hooded thrush, Great-billed seed-finch.

Lowlands rain forest (Forest on steep hills)

Iwokrama Forest

Grey-bellied goshawk, Yellow-knobed curassow, Sun parakeet, Red-fan parrot, Todd's antwren, Capuchinbird, Guianan Cock-of-the-Rock

Coastal swamp forest, Open samps and Mangrove forest

Georgetown

Plain-bellied emerald, Blood-coloured woodpecker, White-bellied and Ferruginous-backed antbirds, Bearded tachuri, Yellow Oriole.