Neblina Forest Birding Tours


Tumbez Marañon Endemic



  • Average expected number of birds seen during the trip: 250 to 300 species.
  • Peruvian Vegetation Types: 4 out of 5.
  • Total habitats visited: 6.
  • Altitude Range: 34 m to 3085 m (113 ft to 10,124 ft).

Come with us and let us introduce you to the Northern Peru Endemics!

Tarapoto – Cajamarca 11 days/10 nights

This fascinating route is one of the most beautiful in Perú, due to the landscapes along the trip. We begin at Tarapoto in the High Jungle of Peru, going through the Abra Patricia, a very important endemic zone due its clouded forest and many species. Then we will go up to the Utcubamba river close to the Chachapoyas city. This was a bastion of the Chachapoyas culture one of the last places conquered by the Incas, we will observe many birds on the way. Leymebamba village with its momies will fascinate us , we continue going up to Barro Negro Mountain Pass, this place in the Marañón Canyon surroundings next to the river of the same name will be the perfect stage to birdwatch and observe uniques and beautiful landscapes. At the end we will be arriving to the famous Cajamarca city.

Day 1. Lima – Tarapoto
Evening arrival to Tarapoto. Overnight at a comfortable hotel in Tarapoto.(D).

Day 2. Tarapoto – Zona del Tunel
We will have breakfast on the route. This day will be excellent, we road by an asphalted highway to Yurimaguas. Our birding trip is focused to the zone before the tunnel belonging to the high jungle, in the surroundings of the tunnel and after the tunnel which is a defined transition low jungle zone, here live many species for birding like Rufous-winged Antwren, Violet-headed Hummingbird, Ruddy Foliage-gleaner, Slaty-capped Flycatcher, Koepcke's Hermit, Golden-tailed Sapphire, Golden-headed Manakin. We will spend all day in this area. In the afternoon we will go back to Tarapoto. Overnight at hotel in Moyobamba. (B, BL, D)

Day 3. Rioja -Yacumama - Morro Calzada
Early in the morning we will be visiting the Recreational Complex Yacumama, the owner of this place is protecting some hectares of forest, we will be able to find some good species like Great Egret, Snowy Egret, Cobalt-Wingd Parakeet, Little Cuckoo, Violaceous Trogon, Ringed Kingfisher, Lafresnaye's Piculet. We will be welcome by The Speckled Chachalaca, then we can listen to the Cinereous Tinamou song and others, we will spend almost all the morning here in Yacumama. Lunch in Rioja. In the afternoon we get on board to Morro Calzada. This is an amazing stone formation in the Amazonic prairie, it is possible to climb to the top, from this point we will be able to see a beautiful landscape, however we can bird species like Mishana Tyrannulet, Lafresnaye's Piculet, Chestnut-Eared Aracari, White-Bellied Pygmy-Tyrant, Cinereous-Breasted Spinetail, among others in the surroundings. Overnight at hotel in Tarapoto. (B, L, D)

Day 4. Rioja- Aguas Verdes -Afluente
We leave Rioja and on the road we make a stop at Aguas Verdes bridge, go beyond an iron jail and we go deep into a small path to be able to observe the Andean Cock-of-the-rock the national bird of Peru, furthermore, the Red-Ruffed Fruitcrow, Ecuadorian Piedtail, Napo Sabrewing, Black-mandibled Toucan and others. We road from Aguas Verdes to the Afluente town, this is a town next to the highway , we look for the path to the lowest part , there we will find species like Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater, Ash-Throated Antwren, Vermilon Tanager among other species. In the afternoon, we will be arriving to the Patricia mountain pass surroundings. Overnight at Long-whiskered Owlet Lodge. (B, BL, D)

Day 5. Abra Patricia (Patricia Pass)
Our day will begin early in the morning, during these days this lodge will be our headquarters which will allow us to move around the Abra Patricia comfortably in the three sections and in many paths available in the area. The Abra Patricia is very famous because is the place where the Lousiana State University (LSU) expedition had its headquarters some years ago, being the pioneers in the bird investigation in Peru. If we are lucky enough we can see and listen to the endemics Rusty-tinged Antpitta (E), Ochre-fronted Antpitta (E) and look for the Long-whiskered Owlet (E), the latter practically re-discovered. Also we will be able to see species like Blue-browed Tanage, Johnson's Tody-Tyrant, White-Capped Tanager, Metallic-green Tanager, Red-Hooded Tanager, Yellow-Scarfed Tanager, Montane Woodcreeper, Scaly-naped Parrot, Cinnamon-breasted Tody-Tyrant, Bar-winged Wood-Wren(E), Equatorial Graytail, Wedge-billed Hummingbird, Tyrranine Woodcreeper, Rusty-winged Barbtail, Spotted Barbtail, Royal Sunangel(E), Crimson-mantled Woodpecker, Ochre-Fronted Antpitta, Bar-Winged Wood-Wren in the three sections of the Abra. One of these nights we will go out to bird near the lodge the White-throated Screech-Owl, Rufous-banded Owl. Far form the lodge we will find the Lyre-tailed Nightjar, Cinnamon Screech-Owl, Rufous-banded Owl, Rufous-bellied Nighthawk. Leaving early in the morning we will observe the Lanceolated Monklet, Fiery-throated Fruiteater, Sharpe's Wren, Sulphur-bellied Tyrannulet, Long-tailed Antbird, Large-footed Tapaculo, Fine-barred Piculet(E), Ecuadorian Tyrannulet, Black-crested Warbler, Scaled Fruiteater, Barred Becard, Golden-faced Tyranulet, Bicolored Antvireo. Overnight Long-whiskered Owlet Lodge. (B, L, D)

Day 7. Abra Patricia (Patricia Pass) - Pomacochas - Chido
After having breakfast at the Lodge, we will begin our ascent to Pomacochas to look for the Marvelous Spatuletail. We will look for this species at the lake surroundings, specifically at the plot of a local citizen, who is protecting them. The meeting will be amazing, since it is the most beautiful hummingbird. Then we go down the hill, we take our transport to Chido, this is a path near the Pomacochas lake, here in Chido trail we walk next to the river seeing on the opposite shore some mixed floks, besides the Speckled Hummingbird, Chestnut-breasted Coronet, Collared Inca, Strong-billed Woodcreeper, Golden-headed Quetzal, Versicolored Barbet ,Torrent Duck, Chestnut-crested Cotinga , White-collared Jay, White-tailed Tyrannulet, White-banded Tyrannulet, Inca Flycatcher (E), Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan ,Andean Solitaire, White-capped Tanager, Silver-backed Tanagers Mountain Velvetbreast and others. Overnight at the comfortable lodge in Pomacochas. (B, L, D)

Day 8. Pomacochas – Leymebamba
The famous Utcubamba natural habitat of the Marvelous Spatuletail river will join us, we can look for the trails where we can find species like Marañón Thrush (E), Lafresnaye's Piculet, Torrent Tyrannulet y en el rio podemos buscar también Torrent Duck, White-capped Dipper, Fasciated Tiger-Heron in the surroundings. On the way to Atuen , in the main trail we can find the White-bellied Woodstar, Rainbow Starfrontlet, Sword-billed Hummingbird, Purple-throated Sunangel, among other hummingbirds, also we can look for the Montane Woodcreeper, Buff-throated(Peruvian) Treehunter, Red-hooded Tanager among others. Overnight at La Casona in Leymebamba. (B, BL, D)

Day 9. Leymebamba – Abra Barro Negro – Celendín
Early in the morning we leave Leymebamba to Abra Barro Negro, this zone is very famous for the great amount of endemics, here we can find hummingbirds like the Sapphire-vented Puffleg, Coppery Metaltail, Violet-throated Startfrontlet, Great Sapphirewing, other species like Buff-bridled Inca-finch(E), Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan, Red-crested Cotinga, Yellow-scarfed Tanager(E), Swallow-tailed Nightjar, Peruvian Pigeon, Plain-colored Seedeater, Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager, Yellow-tailed Oriole, Drab Hemispingus, Puna Hawk, Andean Guan, Andean Flicker, Andean Lapwing, Grass-green Tanager, Undulated Antpitta, Blackish Tapaculo, Russet-mantled Softtail, Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant. In the route, we will explore the fields of Bombax, besides we can see also the Rufous-capped Antshrike, Yellow-tailed Oriole, Baron's Spinetail among other species. Stay at basic hotel in Celendín. (B, BL, D)

Day 10. Celendín – Cajamarca
Going down the Marañón canyon we will arrive to Cajamarca city, we will make several required stops, the first one in the High Puna Grassland to bird species like Many-striped Canastero, Black-crested Warbler and Rainbow Startfronlet, another obliged stop at the point of Cruz Conga here we will be able to find Rufous Antpitta, Shining Sunbeam, Black-crested Warbler, White-browed Chat-Tyrant, Striated Earthcreeper(E), White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant, Rufous-webbed Bush-Tyrant, Andean Gull, Correndera Pipit , Rufous-eared Brush-Finch, Andean Lapwng, Andean Flicker, Green-tailed Trainbearer y Black-tailed Trainbearer. Overnight at a comfortable hotel in Cajamarca. (B, BL, D)

Day 11. Cajamarca - Lima
We could find many touristic attractions in this beautiful city, but we will concentrate in two endemic species. Early in the morning we leave the hotel to Valle de Chonta where we will look for the rare Gray-bellied Comet,. In the midmorning we will look for the Great Spinetail in San Marcos a town 50 Km. from the Cajamarca city. Today we will be able to observe Buff-bridled Inca-Finch(E), White-winged Black-Tyrant, Rufous-chested Tanager ,Plain-tailed Warbling-Finch(E), Lesser Goldfinch, Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant, Rufous-chested Tanager y Fasciated Wren. In the afternoon flight to Lima. (B, BL, D)

Duration: 11 days Departure: March - December


  • Private Specialized Birding Guide.
  • Private Transportation.
  • All meals (unless contrary be indicated).
  • Double accommodation with private bathroom.
  • Air Tickets Lima – Tarapoto and Cajamarca – Lima.

Not included:

  • Bottled alcoholic and soft drinks (Drinks are not included in restaurants).
  • Travel Insures
  • Tips.

Manu Rainforest

The Manu Biosphere Reserve - south-east peru cloud forests, lowland rainforests, macaw lick and machu picchu

Tour 18 Days

The Manu Biosphere Reserve has the highest diversity of life on Earth and is one of the most important conservation units in the world. The beauty of this trip is the variety of habitats visited ranging from orchid laden cloud forest where Spectacled Bears and Cock-of-the-Rocks still live unmolested, to untouched Amazon rainforest where Monkeys abound and Giant Otters still exist in the ox-bow lakes.

A trip to Manu is a trip to one of the worlds great wilderness areas where wildlife is still plenty-full and nearly 1000 species of birds have been recorded. No birding in cut-over forest on this trip!

Day 1

Arriving in Lima we transfer to our hotel in Lima. If time permits there is an optional excursion to bird the wetlands of Villa marshes or the agricultural areas south of Lima in search of some species typical to the arid littoral. Night in Lima

Day 2

Early morning flight to Cusco and we head out south of town with a picnic lunch to Huacarpay lakes. Here we will see a variety of high Andean waterfowl and wetland associated birds. We will be specifically on the lookout for Wren-like Rushbird and Many-colored Rush-tyrant, Puna Ibis and Andean White-winged Negrito.

Raptors we may see include Aplomado Falcon, Cinereous Harrier, Red-backed Hawk and Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle. Two birds we will look for in the arid scrub around the lake are the endemic Rufous-fronted Canastero and Streak-fronted Thornbird. We should find the pretty , endemic Bearded Mountaineer feeding in the tree tobacco with Giant Hummingbird. In the late afternoon we'll return to Cusco forther night. B:L

Day 3

Early start in our expedition bus. We will make a couple of selected stops in the inter-montane valleys , before arriving at the last Andean pass - Ajcanacu. We have had luck with Andean Condors here in the past. In the afternoon we will bird the upper limits of the eastern slopes.

Working our way down the eastern slope of the Andes, the forest becomes more continuous and we will spend the afternoon birding to our safari camp at 2800 meters above sea-level at Pillahuata. Possibilities are many but we hope to encounter mixed species flocks of Tanagers , Flycatchers and Furnarids. Gray-breasted Mountain Toucan, Collared Jay, Mountain Cacique are among some of the many species we may encounter. In the evening we will go to a favorite spot where we have had luck calling in Swallow-tailed Nightjar and Yungas Pygmy-Owl with tapes. Night in safari camp at Pillahuata. B;L;D

Day 4

At breakfast we will be greeted with a varied dawn chorus and Red and White Antpitta should be calling. We will spend all day birding from our camp at 2800 meters to our next stop at 1600 meters.

This is pristine forest on a little traveled road. Some of the special birds on this stretch which we will look for include : White-rumped Hawk, Golden-plumed Parakeet, Trilling Tapaculo, Black and Chestnut Eagle, Andean Guan, Scaly-naped Parrot, a wide variety of Hummingbirds including Collared Inca, Chestnut-breasted Coronet, Violet-throated Startfrontlet and Amethyst-throated Sunangel, Purple-backed Thornbill, Scaled Metaltail, White-bellied Woodstar.

Crimson-mantled Woodpecker, Bar-bellied Woodpecker, Marcapata Spinetail, White-throated Antpitta, Barred and Band-tailed Fruiteaters, White-throated Tyrannulet, Ochraceous-breasted Flycatcher, Barred Becard, Pale-footed Swallow, Mountain Wren, Citrine Warbler and many Tanagers . Night at the rustic but comfortable Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge near Union at 1600 meters B:L:D

Day 5

A full day to bird the forest around Union and San Pedro. One day we'll devote to the 2500 meter altitude zone and one day to the 1500 meter zone. Possibilities include White-throated Hawk, Solitary Eagle, Rufous-capped Thornbill, Crested Quetzal, Golden-headed Quetzal, Masked Trogon, Highland Motmot, Black-streaked Puffbird , Blue-banded Toucanet, Olive-backed Woodcreeper, Montane Woodcreeper, Spotted Barbtail, Montane Foliage-gleaner, Uniform and Variable Antshrikes, Slaty Gnateater, Chestnut-crested Cotinga, Scaled Fruiteater, Bolivian Tyrannulet, Inca Flycatcher (endemic), Yungas and Cerulean-capped Manakin (endemic) , Uniform Antshrike, White-throated Spadebill, Fulvous-breasted Flatbill, Saffron-crowned Tanager, Deep-blue Flowerpiercer and lots more.

We will visit one of the two nearby Cock-of-the-Rock leks to watch the strange mating dance of these spectacular birds. Up to 20 males congregate at this spot to display. We will also do some night birding here and we have been lucky previously with White-throated and Rufescent Screech Owl, Rufous-banded Owl, Lyre-tailed Nightjar and Andean Potoo. Nights at Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge or Manu Cloud Forest Lodge as required. B:L:D

Day 6

After a dawn breakfast accompanied by the singing of Andean and White-eared Solitaires and Paradise Tanagers from the breakfast table, we leave San Pedro at 1600 meters and spend the day birding slowly down to the comfortable Amazonia Lodge at 500 meters. We will pay particular attention to the stretch between 1500 meters and 800 meters. This upper tropical zone forest has disappeared on much of the Andean slopes in South America because of it's suitability for cash crops such as tea, coffee and coca, but in this part of Peru the forest remains untouched.

Birds we have seen well on this stretch of road include : Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail, Plum-crowned Parrot, Chestnut-collared Swift, Peruvian Piedtail, Long-tailed Sylph, Lanceolated Monklet, Versicolored Barbet, Russet Antshrike, Slaty Antwren, Cerulean-capped Manakin, Rufous-lored Tyrranulet, Marble-faced Bristle-tyrant, Fulvous-breasted Flatbill, Olive-tufted Flycatcher, Golden-crowned Flycatcher, Chestnut-breasted Wren, Dusky-green Oropendola, Golden-collared Honeycreeeper, White-winged Tanager, Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager and much more. We plan to reach Amazonia Lodge before dusk. Night at Amazonia Lodge. B:L:D

Day 7 -8

Two full days at the comfortable Amazonia Lodge. This family run converted tea hacienda has a bird list of over 530 and species are continually being added to the list. The lodge is situated in the transitional zone at 500 meters, where the last low foothills of the Andes begin to flatten out into the lowland Amazon Basin proper. We will be birding a variety of habitats over the next three days including floodplain and hill forest. One day we will pack a picnic lunch and bird the road from Atalaya to Pilcopata.

The possibilities here are enormous but some species we will be on the lookout for include : Black-capped Tinamou, Blackish Rail, the strange Hoatzin, Buckley's Forest Falcon, Wattled Guan, Military Macaw, Blue-headed Macaw, Pheasant Cuckoo, Koepcke's Hermit, Rufous-webbed Brilliant, Rufous-crested Coquette , Golden-tailed Sapphire, Bluish fronted Jacamar, Chestnut-capped Puffbird, Fine-barred Piculet, Red-billed Scythbill, Dark-breasted Spinetail, Dusky-cheeked Foliage-gleaner, Bamboo Antshrike, Chestnut-backed Antshrike, Amazonian Antpitta, Rusty-belted Tapaculo, Mottle-backed Elaenia, Red-billed Tyrranulet, Johannis' Tody-tyrant, Yellow-browed Tody-flycatcher, Black-backed Tody -flycatcher , Ornate Flycatcher, White-thighed Swallow, Golden-bellied(Cuzco) Warbler, Black-faced Dacnis - the list goes on....!

We will have the possibility of night birding here and in the past we have seen : Mottled Owl, Black-banded Owl, Tawny-bellied Screech-owl, Great , Long-tailed and Common Potoo. We will be reluctant to leave this very birdy place, but yet more awaits us in the Amazon lowlands. All nights at Amazonia Lodge. B:L:D

Day 9

Early morning birding near Amazonia Lodge in search of species we have missed. As the day begins to warm, we will head down the Alto Madre de Dios river in our motorized canoes to its confluence with the Manu River ( about 4 hours ) and then on for another two hours to the comfortable Manu Wildlife Center, jointly owned by Manu Expeditions and the Selva Sur conservation group.

This lodge facility is designed to take visitors, but there are always biologists here conducting scientific research, often ornithologists. On the river journey , we will have the opportunity to see some of the typical riverside species such as Pied Lapwing, Collared Plover , Fasciated Tiger-heron, Orinoco Goose, Large-billed and Yellow-billed Tern. Fly-overs will include many species of Macaws and Parrots, and this is our opportunity for some Bird of Prey observations. We plan to arrive at the Manu Wildlife Center in the late afternoon. Night Manu Wildlife Centre. B:L:D

Day 10-14

Four full days based at the Manu Wildlife Center , situated just upriver from the Blanquillo Macaw Lick. There will be the opportunity on one morning to visit the Macaw lick and observe the spectacle of hundreds of Parrots and Macaws at close quarters from our floating blinds. Here we will see the beautiful Orange-cheeked Parrrot , and sometimes the newly described Amazonian Parrotlet participates at the lick.

The rest of the time will be spent birding the extensive trail systems which have been designed to visit different forest types. The area around this lodge has the most forest types of anywhere in the Manu area , and thus the highest bio-diversity - which means the most species of birds. Large stands of Bamboo hold many local and much sought after species, and coupled with the extensive Varzea, Tierra Firme and Mature Transitional Floodplain Forest this means a mind-boggling variety of bird-life. Although investigation on birds is in it's early stages we expect this lodge area to hold more species of birds than anywhere else in the world and the bird list is already 550. We will spend time at a canopy observation tower accessed by a spiral metal stairway watching canopy flocks.

Parrots Peru. Plans for a canopy walkway are in the pipeline here as well. Some of the more interesting and unusual species we will be searching for in the Bamboo include - Rufous-headed Woodpecker, Manu Antbird ( common here), Flammulated Bamboo-tyrant, White-cheeked Tody-flycatcher, Brown-rumped Foliage-gleaner, Large-headed and Dusky-tailed Flatbills, Peruvian Recurvebill, Dusky-cheeked and Brown-rumped Foliage-gleaners, Ihring's and Ornate Antwren, White-lined Antbird, Striated Antbird and more. We will certainly look for one of the 5 singing Rufous-fronted Antthrushes we have located on territory here. Some of the scarcer forest species we will be on the lookout for that we have seen here previously include :

Bartlett's Tinamou, Razor-billed Currasow, Pale-winged Trumpeter, Sunbittern, Pavonine Quetzal, Purus Jacamar, Striolated Puffbird, Gray-cheeked Nunlet, Cream-colored Woodpecker, Ocellated Woodcreeper, Colared Puffbird, Ruddy Spinetail, Plain Softail, Striped Woodhaunter, Sclater's Antwren, Banded Antbird, Ash-throated Gnateater, White-throated Antbird, Black-spotted Bare-eye, Black-faced Cotinga, Ochre-bellied Flycatcher, White-bellied tody-tyrant, Royal Flycatcher, Musician Wren, Pale-eyed Blackbird, Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak to name but a few. We will also visit Ox-bow lakes in the area where we will see lakeside birds including Hoatzin, Sungrebe, Agami Heron, Greater Large-billed Seed-finch, Silverd Antbird, Rufous-sided Crake, Gray-breasted Crake and we may be lucky and see one of the two Giant Otter families that live in the area. Night birding may produce Long-tailed, Great and Gray Potoos, Amazonian Pygmy Owl, Spectacled Owl, Ocellated Poorwill, amongst others. A visit to the large mammal lick here , apart from attracting Tapirs, Peccaries and maybe a Jaguar, also attracts Guans and Currasows. All nights at the Manu Wildlife Center. B:L:D

Day 15

Early start for the airstrip at Boca Manu (2.5 hours upriver), and our last look at early morning Parrot flocks and riverside birds. Our spectacular light aircraft flight over the Andes takes about 45 minutes and we should be in Cusco by midday. The afternoon is free for sight-seeeing, shopping or just relaxing in this beautiful city. Night in Cusco, B:

Day 16

We leave Cusco early in the morning for the 4.5 hour train journey to Machu-Picchu. From the train we will certainly see Torrent Ducks and White-capped Dipper on the Urubamba River and get closer looks as we leave the train.

Arriving at the ruins , birding takes a back seat for once as we are taken on a guided tour of this mystical archeological complex. White-tipped Swifts will be flying overhead. After lunch we will look for Inca Wren which is quite common in the bamboo around the ruins and then descend into the Urubamba gorge for late afternoon birding. Night in Aguas Calientes. B:L:

Day 17

All morning birding the railway track along the Urubamba River. In the remnant cloud forest we will be looking specifically for Sclaters and Bolivian Tyrranulets, Silver-backed Tanager, Pale-eyed Thrush, Oleaginous Hemispingus and Capped Conebill. Mixed flocks contain many species of Tanager and the endemic Green and White Hummingbird is common here. After a late lunch, we return on the tourist train to the Cusco for the night. Bl

Day 18

M orning flight to Lima and connecting international flights. day rooms at our hotel in Miraflores if required. Additional birding excursions near Lima can be arranged for those who wish if international flights are not until the evening.

Cuzco Manu



Southern Peru

  • Average expected number of birds seen during the trip: 500 to 530 species.
  • Peruvian Vegetation Types: 3 out of 5.
  • Total habitats visited: 16+.
  • Altitude Range: 34 m to 3400 m (113 ft to 11,155 ft).



Top Ten Highlight Birds

Mountain tall grass and scrub (Puna) and Mountain Rain Forest

Huarcapay Lake to Pillahuata (2800 meters)

Bearded mountaineer*, Rusty-fronted canastero*, Andean ibis, Chestnut-breasted mountain-finch*, Creamy-crested spinetail*

Mountain Rain Forest

Cloud forest lodge (1600 meters)

Peruvian piedtail*, Rufous–webbed brilliant*, Red- and-white antpitta*, Inca flycatcher*, Andean cock-of-the rock at a very close range, Cerulean–capped manakin*, Fulvous Wren*, a new species of tanager* and Cusco brush-finch*.

Tropical Rain Forest

Amazonia Lodge (500 meters)

Fasciated tiger-heron, Blue-headed macaw, Koepcke's hermit*, White-browed hermit*, Rufous-crested coquette, Fine-barred piculet*, Scarlte-hooded barbet*, Bamboo antshrike and Black-backed tody-flycatcher*

Tropical Rain Forest

Manu Wildlife Center

Pavonine quetzal, White-throated jacamar, Rufous-headed woodpecker, Peruvian recurvebill, Ihering's antwren, manu and White-lined Antbirds, Rufous-fronted antthrush, White-cheeked tody-flycatcher*

Mountain tall grass and scrub (Puno)

Cusco-Machu-Picchu ruins

Inca wren*, Green and White hummingbird*, Inca flycatcher* and Masked fruiteater*

Country Facts

Welcome to Neblina Forest Peru!


Come along to wonder with Peru's and South America's birds and wildlife.
Experience with us the silence on the wings of the birds, and their songs.
Let us introduce you to our team.

Peruvian terrain can be classified in three regions: western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), and eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva). Along its 2,414 km coastline on the Pacific Ocean, there is a mainly desert plain interrupted by a series of rivers which form valleys where human populations have settled down over the last 10,000 years.

Main coastal cities lay at some of the ancient Peruvian human settlements. The elevation extremes are its lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m, and its highest point: Nevado Huascaran 6,768 m. Peru shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake, with Bolivia. A remote slope of Nevado Mismi, a 5,316 m peak, is the ultimate Peruvian source of the Amazon River.


varies in Peru from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid climate is present mainly in the Andes. Temperature depends both on the altitude and on the season with extreme values present in the southern end of the country and on the mountain tops.

Environment - current issues:

Deforestation (some the result of illegal logging); overgrazing of the slopes of the costa and sierra leading to soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Lima; pollution of rivers and coastal waters from municipal and mining wastes.

Natural hazards:

Earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity

Historical remarks


"Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by the Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency.

President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime.

FUJIMORI won reelection to a third term in the spring of 2000, but international pressure and corruption scandals led to his ouster by Congress in November of that year. A caretaker government oversaw new elections in the spring of 2001, which ushered in Alejandro TOLEDO as the new head of government; his presidency has been hampered by allegations of corruption."

Some Facts about Peru


Peru is located in Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador. It shares borders with Bolivia (900 km), Brazil (1,560 km), Chile (160 km), Colombia (1,496 km [est.]), and Ecuador (1,420 km). It extends over a total area of 1,285,220 sq km (land surface: 1.28 million sq km and territorial sea: 5,220 sq km). It is slightly smaller than Alaska. It shelters a total population of 27,925,628 people (July 2005 est.). The languages spoken are Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages.

Peruvian ethnic groups are as follows: Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%. Peruvians are Roman Catholic 81%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.4%, other Christian 0.7%, other 0.6%, unspecified or none 16.3% (2003 est.). About literacy, 87.7% of the total Peruvian population age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.).

Main Airports


Lima (Jorge Chavez International Airport - LIM) Elevation: 113 feet, 34 meters. Cuzco (Teniente Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport - CUZ) Elevation: 10860 feet, 3310 meters

Other interesting web sites

Instituto de Recursos Naturales


Field Guide to the Birds of Peru - Clements and Shany
Field Guide to the Birds of Machu Picchu - Walker

Recommended Books

Before you start your trip to Peru, please check.

In these section you will find an updated list of books on Peru and South American Wildife with its commercial links.
This is an always-growing literature, which we have also helped to develope.

Libros sobre Sudamérica

Consideren revisar algunos de los siguientes libros, los que usamos nosotros como referencia, para que Usted esté preparado para su viaje a Sudamérica:

Kricher & Plotkin's Neotropical Companion (Compañero Neotropical - Ecología de los Tropicos)

BIRDLIFE's Important Bird Areas for Bird Conservation in the Tropical Andes Andes Áreas Importantes para la Conservación de las Aves en los Andes Tropicales - (¡Versión Gratuita en Español aquí!)

Wheatley's Where to Watch Birds in South America(Donde observar aves en Sudamérica)

Al Gentry's A Field Guide to the Families and Genera of Woody Plants of North west South America (Guía para las Familias y Géneros de Plantas Leñosas del Noroccidente de Sudamérica)

Libros por País

Ridgely and Greenfield's Birds of Ecuador


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Peru Facts


Contact Peru

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to our Ecuador phone numbers +(593-2) 239-3014,
+(593-9) 759-1359, + (593-9) 449-0498

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